Biostatisticians use their skills in quantitative analysis to help determine proper data collection, data quality and data accuracy. Their knowledge of the intersection between biomedical science, mathematics and statics highlights their importance in the analyzation and interpretation of results and allows them to serve key roles in designing studies.
Biostatistics refers to the application of statistics to a number of different topics in biology. The science of biostatistics involves the design of various biological experiments, especially in the fields of pharmacy, medicine, fishery, agriculture, and more. Biostatistics as a science also encompasses the collection, analysis, and summarization of data from these biological experiments. Those who work in the field of biostatistics will interpret these results and makes inferences. Medial biostatistics, which only deals with health and medicine, is a major branch of biostatistics.
Working in Biomedical and Laboratory Education
Most educational programs in biostatistics in the United States are at the postgraduate level. Educational programs for biostatistics are most commonly found in public health schools. These educational programs are often affiliated with schools of agriculture, medicine, and forestry. Biostatistics is also taught as a focus of application in some statistics departments.
In the United States, many universities and colleges have dedicated departments for biostatistics. Some top-tier universities choose to integrate their faculty for biostatistics into the statistics or epidemiology department. Therefore, "biostatistic" departments can actually have many different structures. New departments for biostatistics have been founded with a focus on computational biology and bioinformatics. However, older departments are usually affiliated with public health schools.
Those who graduate with a PhD in biostatistics have many career opportunities. Some end up teaching statistics at secondary and postsecondary educational institutions. Others go on to work in the pharmaceutical, agriculture, and forestry industries. Many end up working for manufacturers of medical devices.
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